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The Tigermoths (Erebidae, Arctiinae, Arctiini) of Papua Indonesia

by Rob de Vos

Euchromia creusa (Linnaeus, 1758)

[Sphinx creusa Linnaeus, 1758] (type (TL: ?) not located)

ssp. creusa (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sphinx thelebas Cramer, 1777
Sphinx irus Stoll, 1782
Glaucopsis ganymede Doubleday, 1846

Similar species

Euchromia creusa is somewhat similar to E. irius but irius has a maximum of four red bands (at least three bands) and creusa has five red bands. The white band in irius is broad and conspicuous while in creusa it is narrow and in many cases even lacking.






STATUS: Outside New Guinea it is a very common species, but in Papua it is scarce. It seems to prefer lowlands at the coast, although some records are known from higher altitudes (i.e. Mt. Goliath).

PAPUA LOCALITIES: Numfoor: Suer; Biak: Biak city; New Guinea: Base Camp (Utakwa River), Canoe Camp (Setekwa River), Eilanden River, Fakfak, Mt. Goliath, Kouh, Manokwari, Merauke, Mimika River, Utakwa River, Windesi. Details in gazetteer.

EXTERNAL DISTRIBUTION: Sulawesi, Moluccas, Papua New Guinea, Australia, New Hebrides, Fiji, Solomon Islands, Palau, Micronesia.

DATA SOURCES: BMNH, RMNH, ZMAN. Literature (see below).






Literature concerning Papua records

Common, I.F.B., 1990. Moths of Australia: 535 pp. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.
Eecke, R. van, 1920. Studien over indo-australische Lepidoptera. IV. Bijdrage tot de kennis der Heterocera-fauna der oost-indische Kolonien. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 5: 112-138.
Eecke, R. van, 1926. Fauna Buruana. Lepidoptera Heterocera, Fam. Zygaenidae, Syntomidae and Arctiidae. Treubia 7(4): 341-350 .
Hampson, G.F., 1914. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae. Supplement, volume 1. Catalogue of the Amatidae and Arctiadae (Nolinae and Lithosianae) in the collection of the British Museum: 858 pp. British Museum, London.
Holloway, J.D., 1979. A survey of the Lepidoptera, biogeography and ecology of New Caledonia: 588 pp. W. Junk, Den Haag, Boston, London.
Pagenstecher, A., 1886. Beiträge zur Lepidopteren-Fauna des malayischen Archipels (III.). Heteroceren der Aru-Inseln, Kei-Inseln und von Südwest-Neu-Guinea. Jahrbücher des Nassauischen Vereins für Naturkunde 39: 104-194.
Rothschild, L.W., 1915. Lepidoptera of the British Ornithologists' Union and Wollaston Expeditions in the Snow Mountains, Southern Dutch New Guinea, Macrolepidoptera: 1-148. Zoological Museum, Tring.
Seitz A., 1913. Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 10: Spinner und Schwarmer des Indo-Australischen Gebiets: 69-120. A. Kernen, Stuttgart.
Swinhoe, C., 1892. Catalogue of Eastern and Australian Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of The Oxford Museum, part I, Sphinges and Bombyces: 324 pp. At The Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Zerny, H., 1912. Lepidopterorum Catalogus, 7: Syntomidae: 1-179. W. Junk, Berlin.