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The Papua Insects Foundation
Attention! Call for new papers in the series “Biodiversity, Biogeography and Nature Conservation in Wallacea and New Guinea" - Volume 2, by The Entomological Society of Latvia:
"We invite authors to submit original research papers for inclusion in a second volume of the book series . We welcome survey and review papers from senior researchers and scientists. All manuscripts will be peer reviewed.
Volume 2 will be published in 2013 in time for the 100th anniversary of Alfred Russel Wallace's death."
for more information, click here or go to http://leb.daba.lv/book/
The Papua Insects Foundation is sponsored and supported by:
The ideals of the Papua Insects Foundation are supported by Conservation International
The entomological magazine SUGAPA is sponsored by The Van Tienhoven Foundation
Have a look at this interesting website with lots of magnificent pictures. The Association des Lépidoptéristes de France (ALF) recently payed a visit to the Arfak Mountains, the Baliem Valley and Biak. Members of the ALF made a lot of nice pictures of insects of which we have permission to show them also in our website.
The World Wildlife Fund and the Dutch "Nationale Postcode Loterij" sponsored the new field guide to the butterflies of the Birdshead Peninsula
Vermandel entomology supplies (www.vermandel.com) sponsored the fieldwork of the Papua Insects Foundation
John H. Otten, coordinator POCT (part of the Dutch Society for Bio-Medical Laboratorium personel NVML Utrecht) donated eight stereo binoculars to us for the Papua biology students
ARFAK PARADIGALLA TOURS
For all your tour arrangements in and around Manokwari, the Arfak Mountains and Papua Barat
An English, Dutch and Bahasa Indonesia spoken experienced guide
Contact Yoris R. Wanggai
mobile phone: 081248092764 (in Indonesia)
SUMARDI RENTAL MOBIL HILUX
Experienced drivers with strong four wheel drive vehicles for your remote or off road expeditions through Papua Barat (Arfak Mountains, Tamrau Plateau, Birdshead Peninsula)
Contact Mr. Sumardi (Bahasa Indonesia only or contact Yoris Wanggai, see above)
Tel. 081313181669 or 085344993837 (in Indonesia)
Introduction about this website
The need for information about fauna and flora has increased since people are aware that nature is changing very rapidly in the last decades. Polution, global warming and destruction of natural environment are the topics of the world these days.
Scientists research the causes and effects of changes in climate and biodiversity. One of the essential tools for this kind of research is information about the occurrance (faunistics) of plant and animal species in certain areas. For this it is extremely important to have accurate information, checklists of correctly identificated species and when available ecological information. Especially on tropical insects this kind of information is hard to find or it takes loads of time and effort to gather the literature provided. For some it may even be impossible to consult the necessary literature or to visit relevant museum collections. In many cases it may even be necessary to undertake new expeditions to poorly visited or even unexplored areas.
collecting at light in Borme, Star Mountains (Papua, Indonesia) (Photo: Henk van Mastrigt)
As part of the Papua Insects Foundation, the aim of this website is to provide organisations, scientist, students, museums and everyone interested, with actual information on the taxonomics and faunistics of the insect fauna of Papua. This includes checklists with the latest nomenclatorial views, pictures of the species, distribution maps (compiled from information as far as known from literature and collections) and a list with relevant literature. If available we will also give information and photographs of the types.
Very important is to distinguish so called biodiversity hotspots, places or areas where the entomological fauna is of a very high richness and is therefore of great importance to nature conservation. In order to actually recognize these hotspots it is necessary to inventorise the insect fauna and have knowledge about the existance and identity of the species. The Papua Insect Foundation can be of help in this matter.
However, information of some insects orders or families may not always be complete, due to uncertainties or simply because no (recent) work on these taxa is done yet. On the other hand, the taxa which are represented in detail on this website are recently thoroughly revised or studied and the information given is scientifically certified or at least expected to be so. The contributors to this website themselves are scientists or are in contact with specialists all over the world.
- One of the most urgent job's is to generate checklists of the families and present known species. This can be done by recording relevant literature and collections. The information derived from literature must be trustworthy and will be checked, if possible, by still existing material and photographs. Collection information should be correctly identified or will be reidentified by the specialists.
- The intention is to give a picture of all species, adults and if possible also immature stages.
- A distribution map of the species is given for Papua Indonesia, together with information of its external distribution.
- If known, biological and ecological information is given for the species, together with pictures of the biotopes.
- New discovered species will be described in scientific magazines and only be added to the checklists when published.
- Additional research and inventories are needed to complete the distribution maps and the knowledge of the biology and ecology of the Papuan insects and the existance of biodiversity hotspots. Fund raising will be an essential activity to make it possible for local students and entomologists to investigate explored and unexplored areas of the immense forests and mountain ranges of Papua Indonesia. These funds are also necessary to finance publications and other expenses.
On survey in primary forest near Warkapi (Arfak Mountains)
(Photo: Siep Sinnema, 2011)
Why Papua only?
New Guinea is the second largest island in the world (Greenland is the largest). It is also one of the richest islands for what biodiversity is concerned. Its tropical climate and fortunately still largely (70%) with forest covered surface gives animals and plants the opportunity to flourish in an almost unlimited way. Its biogeographic history is very complex and resulted in strange habitats from an even stranger origin. Its floral and faunal character is much different of that of adjacent areas in the region. For instance, in the west the Moluccas may have an overlap of species with New Guinea, but for the greater part it differs significantly and forms the border between the Sundanian and Wallacian regions on one side and the Australian faunal regions on the other side. In the south and southeast the faunal characters are similar in Queensland (Australia), the Solomon Islands and Fiji, but New Guinea inhabits loads of endemic fauna elements. There have been many natural historic expeditions in New Guinea but most of them where in the eastern part, at present Papua New Guinea. The majority of faunistic information from New Guinea consequently deals with this area. Because of the fact that the western part, Papua (Indonesia), is underexplored and because the geological history of this area for a greater part differs from the eastern area, which also resulted in different flora and thus fauna, it is about time that this interesting part of New Guinea is mapped. Of course, there is already information about the western part of New Guinea available, but it is scattered in literature and hidden in (museum) collections. It is one of our jobs to collect these data and to make this information available to the public.
In the 19th and early 20th century the island of New Guinea was colonized by three nations: the Dutch in the west (Dutch New Guinea), the Germans in the northeast (Kaiser Wilhelms Land) and the British in the southeast (British New Guinea). At 1848 the border of Dutch New Guinea is layed down at 141º Eastern Length by the government of the Dutch Indies. It was officially determined in 1895 and is until present day the unchanged border of Papua with Papua New Guinea. In 1963 the area was handed over to UNTEA and finally to the Republic of Indonesia and was called Irian Barat (West Irian), from 1973 Irian Jaya (= "Ikut Republik Indonesia, Anti Nederland", which means "Follow the Republik Indonesia, reject The Netherlands", "Jaya" means "glorious") and from October 2001 Papua (or Papua Indonesia, to avoid confusion). In 2003 there was an attemption to divide Papua in three subprovinces (Papua Barat, Papua Tengah and Papua Timur) but because of many protests it was decided to divide Papua in 2007 in only two main provinces: Papua Barat (West Papua) and Papua. In this website we only use the name Papua or Papua Indonesia, meaning both provinces together. The border of both provinces is West of Nabire and East of Wandammen Peninsula.
Because in the 19th and early 20th century most naturalists were either German or British it is obvious that the colonies in the east of New Guinea were visited more frequently by scientists than the Dutch western part of the island. Furthermore Dutch scientists hardly showed any interest in this part of their colony. After Dutch New Guinea was handed over to UNTEA and Indonesia in 1963, hardly any expedition or collection trip was held in this part until the Eighties of the last century. Nevertheless, their have been some important expeditions in the western part. An overview of these expeditions is given on the history page of this website.
Published information about insects of New Guinea is mostly restricted to the eastern side of this large island, Papua New Guinea (PNG). A magnifiscent piece of work is done by Michael Parsons in "The Butterflies of Papua New Guinea" (1999) about the butterflies of New Guinea, with PNG in particular. For moths such a comprehensive work does not exist, let alone about other insect orders, although there are many publications scattered in various scientific magazines. One of the aims of The Papua Insect Foundation is to gather all this information and to make it available, for instance on this website.
No comprehensive overview on the insect fauna of Papua exist yet. But just recently, Henk van Mastrigt (2005) published a guide of the butterflies of the northeastern part of Papua Indonesia: Kupu-kupu ("butterflies") and another in 2010 on the butterflies of Papua Barat, the Birdshead Peninsula. It may be the start of a series on this more or less "forgotten" part of New Guinea.
If you are interested in more detailed information than presented here, please do not hesitate to contact us.
If you have additional information about some taxa, please let us know or join us and contribute to this website. A list of participating specialists is given in contributors.
You will find a list of the collections and museums from which information and photographs are obtained and used for this website with their permission.
Last update on 2nd May 2013